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Biodiversität

Der Begriff Biodiversität (biologische Vielfalt) ist in den 1990er Jahren in der Naturschutzbiologie und in den Nachhaltigkeitswissenschaften eingekehrt und bezeichnet das gesamte Spektrum des Lebens auf der Erde. Damit schließt er nicht nur die Vielzahl aller natürlich vorkommenden sowie der gezüchteten Tier- und Pflanzenarten, Mikroorganismen und Pilze ein, sondern auch die genetische Vielfalt innerhalb jeder Art. Auch die Vielfalt der Lebensräume auf der Erde mitsamt ihren komplexen ökologischen Prozessen und Wechselwirkungen gehören zur Biodiversität. Für den Menschen ist die Biodiversität eine der wichtigsten Lebensgrundlagen und Garant für Lebensqualität, von dem wir auf vielseitige Weise abhängen oder profitieren.

Vorallem das Buch „Biodiversity“ von Edward Osborne Wilson aus dem Jahr 1988 machte den Begriff für die Öffentlichkeit unumgänglich.

Bibliographie

Deutsch

Köck, W. (2015): Die EU-Verordnung über invasive gebietsfremde Arten – Zur Entwicklung des Rechts der invasiven gebietsfremden Arten in Deutschland und der EU. In: Natur und Recht 37, S. 73 – 80.

Pinter, D. & Schubert, U. (Hrsg. 2011): Wirtschaft – Gesellschaft – Natur. Ansätze zu einem zukunftsfähigen Wirtschaften. Festschrift für Eberhard K. Seifert. Marburg: Metropolis-Verlag.

Seifert, E.K. et al. (2010): Betriebliche Umweltleistungskennzahlen. Entwicklungen – Stand – Perspektiven. Online verfügbar unter: https://de.dqs-ul.com/fileadmin/files/de2013/Files/Standards/Nachhaltigkeit/Umwelt-_und_Energiemanagement/EMAS/DQS_EMAS_Broschuere_KennzahlenKNU.pdf, zuletzt geprüft am 03.09.2014.

Seifert, E.K. (1999): „Sustainable Enterprise“ — wie alles anfing. In: Seidel, E. (Hrsg.), Betriebliches Umweltmanagement im 21. Jahrhundert. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer, S. 167-177.

Englisch

Admiraal, J.F.; Wossink, A.; de Groot, W.T. & de Snoo, G.R. (2013): More than total economic value: How to combine economic valuation of biodiversity with ecological resilience. In: Ecological Economics 89, S. 115–122.

Black, S.A.; Meredith, H.M.R. & Groombridge, J.J. (2011): Biodiversity conservation: Applying new criteria to assess excellence. In: Total Quality Management & Business Excellence 22 (11), S. 1165–1178.

Busch, J. (2013): Supplementing REDD+ with Biodiversity Payments: The Paradox of Paying for Multiple Ecosystem Services. In: Land Economics 89 (4), S. 655–675.

Chobotová, V. (2013): The role of market-based instruments for biodiversity conservation in Central and Eastern Europe. In: Ecological Economics 95, S. 41–50.

Christie, M.; Fazey, I.; Cooper, R.; Hyde, T. & Kenter, J.O. (2012): An evaluation of monetary and non-monetary techniques for assessing the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services to people in countries with developing economies. In: Ecological Economics 83, S. 67–78.

Cil, A. & Jones-Walters, L. (2011): Biodiversity action plans as a way towards local sustainable development. In: Innovation: The European Journal of Social Sciences 24 (4), S. 467–479.

Cuckston, T. (2013): Bringing tropical forest biodiversity conservation into financial accounting calculation. In: Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal 26 (5), S. 688–714.

Dana, G.V. & Nelson, K.C. (2012): Social Learning Through Environmental Risk Analysis of Biodiversity and GM Maize in South Africa. In: Environmental Policy & Governance 22 (4), S. 238–252.

Ding, H. & Nunes, P.A.L.D. (2014): Modeling the links between biodiversity, ecosystem services and human wellbeing in the context of climate change: Results from an econometric analysis of the European forest ecosystems. In: Ecological Economics 97, S. 60–73.

Farinha-Marques, P.; Lameiras, J.M.; Fernandes, C.; Silva, S. & Guilherme, F. (2011): Urban biodiversity: a review of current concepts and contributions to multidisciplinary approaches. In: Innovation: The European Journal of Social Sciences 24 (3), S. 247–271.

Freeman, M.C. & Groom, B. (2013): Biodiversity valuation and the discount rate problem. In: Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal 26 (5), S. 715–745.

Gerber, N. (2011): Biodiversity measures based on species-level dissimilarities: A methodology for assessment. In: Ecological Economics 70 (12), S. 2275–2281.

Gerlach, J.D.; Williams, L.K. & Forcina, C.E. (2013): Data Selection for Making Biodiversity Management Decisions: Best Available Science and Institutionalized Agency Norms. In: Administration & Society 45 (2), S. 213–241.

González, A.; Keneghan, D.; Fry, J. & Hochstrasser, T. (2014): Current practice in biodiversity impact assessment and prospects for developing an integrated process. In: Impact Assessment & Project Appraisal 32 (1), S. 31–42.

Gren, I.-M. & Carlsson, M. (2012): Revealed payments for biodiversity protection in Swedish forests. In: Forest Policy & Economics 23, S. 55–62.

Gwinn, N.E. & Rinaldo, C. (2009): The Biodiversity Heritage Library: sharing biodiversity literature with the world. In: IFLA Journal 35 (1), S. 25–34.

Helm, D. & Hepburn, C. (2012): The economic analysis of biodiversity: an assessment. In: Oxford Review of Economic Policy 28 (1), S. 1–21.

Hussain, A.M.T. & Tschirhart, J. (2013): Economic/ecological tradeoffs among ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation. In: Ecological Economics 93, S. 116–127.

Jóhannsdóttir, A.; Cresswell, I. & Bridgewater, P. (2010): The Current Framework for International Governance of Biodiversity: Is It Doing More Harm Than Good? In: Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 19 (2), S. 139–149.

Jones, M.J. & Solomon, J.F. (2013): Problematising accounting for biodiversity. In: Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal 26 (5), S. 668–687.

Kaeser, A.; Bernasconi, J. & Zimmermann, W. (2013): Governance approaches in Swiss forest biodiversity policy: Do they really work? In: Forest Policy & Economics 36, S. 6–13.

Klassert, C. & Möckel, S. (2013): Improving the Policy Mix: The Scope for Market-Based Instruments in EU Biodiversity Policy. In: Environmental Policy & Governance 23 (5), S. 311–322.

Kluvánková-Oravská, T.; Chobotová, V.; Banaszak, I.; Slavikova, L. & Trifunovova, S. (2009): From government to governance for biodiversity: the perspective of central and Eastern European transition countries. In: Environmental Policy & Governance 19 (3), S. 186–196.

Mörtberg, U.; Zetterberg, A. & Balfors, B. (2012): URBAN LANDSCAPES IN TRANSITION, LESSONS FROM INTEGRATING BIODIVERSITY AND HABITAT MODELLING IN PLANNING. In: Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy & Management 14 (1), S. 1250002-1-31.

Paavola, J.; Gouldson, A. & Kluvánková-Oravská, T. (2009): Interplay of actors, scales, frameworks and regimes in the governance of biodiversity. In: Environmental Policy & Governance 19 (3), S. 148–158.

Palmer, C. & Di Falco, S. (2012): Biodiversity, poverty, and development. In: Oxford Review of Economic Policy 28 (1), S. 48–68.

Polasky, S.; Johnson, K.; Keeler, B.; Kovacs, K.; Nelson, E.; Pennington, D.; Plantinga, A.J. & Withey, J. (2012): Are investments to promote biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services aligned? In: Oxford Review of Economic Policy 28 (1), S. 139–163.

Rajvanshi, A.; Brownlie, S.; Slootweg, R. & Arora, R. (2011): Maximizing benefits for biodiversity: the potential of enhancement strategies in impact assessment. In: Impact Assessment & Project Appraisal 29 (3), S. 181–193.

Rayfuse, R. (2008): Protecting Marine Biodiversity in Polar Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction. In: Review of European Community & International Environmental Law 17 (1), S. 3–13.

Rimmel, G. & Jonäll, K. (2013): Biodiversity reporting in Sweden: corporate disclosure and preparers‘ views. In: Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal 26 (5), S. 746–778.

Saunders, F.P. (2013): Seeing and Doing Conservation Differently: A Discussion of Landscape Aesthetics, Wilderness, and Biodiversity Conservation. In: Journal of Environment & Development 22 (1), S. 3–24.

Schusser, C. (2013): Who determines biodiversity? An analysis of actors‘ power and interests in community forestry in Namibia. In: Forest Policy & Economics 36, S. 42–51.

Suškevičs, M. (2012): Legitimacy Analysis of Multi-Level Governance of Biodiversity: Evidence from 11 Case Studies across the EU Legitimacy Analysis of Multi-Level Governance of Biodiversity: Evidence from 11 Case Studies across the EU. In: Environmental Policy & Governance 22 (4), S. 217–237.

Swanson, T. & Groom, B. (2012): Regulating global biodiversity: what is the problem? In: Oxford Review of Economic Policy 28 (1), S. 114–138.

Tregidga, H. (2013): Biodiversity offsetting: problematisation of an emerging governance regime. In: Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal 26 (5), S. 806–832.

Vadrot, A.B.M. (2011): Biodiversity and society: why should social sciences have a say?. In: Innovation: The European Journal of Social Sciences 24 (3), S. 211–216.

van Liempd, D. & Busch, J. (2013): Biodiversity reporting in Denmark. In: Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal 26 (5), S. 833–872.

Visseren-Hamakers, I.J. (2013): Partnerships and Sustainable Development: the Lessons Learned from International Biodiversity Governance. In: Environmental Policy & Governance 23 (3), S. 145–160.

Visseren-Hamakers, I.J.; Leroy, P. & Glasbergen, P. (2012): Conservation partnerships and biodiversity governance: fulfilling governance functions through interaction. In: Sustainable Development 20 (4), S. 264–275.

Wilson, E.O. (1988): Biodiversity. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Winands, S.; Holm-Müller, K. & Weikard, H.-P. (2013): The biodiversity conservation game with heterogeneous countries. In: Ecological Economics 89, S. 14–23.

Winn, M.I. & Pogutz, S. (2013): Business, Ecosystems, and Biodiversity: New Horizons for Management Research. In: Organization & Environment 26 (2), S. 203–229.

Yao, R.T.; Scarpa, R.; Turner, J.A.; Barnard, T.D.; Rose, J.M.; Palma, J.H.N. & Harrison, D.R. (2014): Valuing biodiversity enhancement in New Zealand’s planted forests: Socioeconomic and spatial determinants of willingness-to-pay. In: Ecological Economics 98, S. 90–101.

 

Quellen

http://www.biofrankfurt.de/was-ist-biodiversitaet.html

Leibniz-Verbund Biodiversität: http://www.leibniz-verbund-biodiversitaet.de/